Java is an island of Indonesia with a population of 145 million people it is the most populous island of the world. Java is home to 57% of the total Indonesian population.The Indonesian capital Jakarta is located on western Java, much of the Indonesian history took place on Java.
It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddist empire, the Islamic sultanates and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies. Nowadays Java dominates Indonesia politically, economically and culturally. Three main languages are spoken on the island with Javanese being dominant, the island is divided into four provinces: West Java, Central Java, East Java and Banten. Jakarta and Yogyakarta are two special regions.
The natural environment of Java is tropical rainforest with ecosystems ranging from coastel mangrove forests on the north coast, rocky cliffs on the southern coast and low-lying tropical forests to high attitude rainforests on the slopes of mountainous volcanic regions in the interior.
Java has a rich biodiversity of wildlife where numbers of endemic species of flora and fauna flourish, for instance there are 450 species of birds.
Welcome to Jakarta, upon your arrival at the airport you will be met and greeted by your guide, then transferred to your hotel.
After breakfast at hotel, start your Java overland tour with the short city sightseeing of capital city Jakarta by visiting old city of Batavia, a Dutch town which was built and laid out according to Dutch model. Continue to Sunda Kelapa Old Harbor; the ancient spice-trading harbor, which located at the northern end of Jakarta where the Ciliwung River meets the sea. Sunda Kelapa Harbor is home of the world’s largest fleet of commercial sailing ships, where you will learn that the lines between Indonesia’s past and present are sometimes blurred. Continue to Bandung via Tol road Cipularang , upon arrival check in hotel . Afternoon drive to Saung Udjo for watching performance of traditional Anklung orchestra , a traditional bamboo music instrument being played by the children.
After early morning breakfast , transfer to train station for travelling by train to Yogyakarta. The long journey goes through Parahyangan highland passing beautiful scenery of valley, river and village. Crossing Central Java , train arrives in Jogjakarta in the afternoon, you will be transferred to hotel. Check in hotel for overnight.
After breakfast morning departure through lovely country side to BOROBUDUR temple, explore one of the best-preserved ancient monuments in the world and listed as The World Wonder Heritage, built between the end of the seventh and beginning of the eighth century A.D by by Sailandra dynasty. Borobudur was for about a century and a half the spiritual centre of Buddhism in Java, then it was lost until its rediscovery in the eighteenth century. On the way back stop at Candi Mendut (Mendut Temple) located 3 kilometers eastward from Borobudur , a Buddhist temple, built in 824 A.D by King Indera of Sailendra dynasty. Temple its self is mostly used for worship by pilgrim as well as celebration of Waisak day by the Buddhist. Back in Yogyakarta , the rest is free at own leisure.
After breakfast start Yogyakarta city tour with visit of Sultan’s Palace or Kraton where the Javanese culture and tradition strongly flourished, then to the colorful bird market and Tamansari water castle, which was a recreation garden or a resting house for the Sultan and family as wall as hiding place for royal family to defend against the enemy assault. Drive to Batik workshops to see processing of making batik and Kota Gede to see the craftsmen demonstrating making their famous and beautiful silverworks. Continue to the largest and most impressive Shiva Temple Complex, called Prambanan Temple which consists of several sanctuaries of Shiva over 200 temples and shrines. The largest, the tallest one well known ‘Loro Jongrang’ Temple is covered with wonderful relief depicting the Ramayana episodes, another appealing aspect is its glorious symmetry and grace, making it the most elegant and beautiful temple in Java. Some of sanctuaries in the complex have been restored, but most of them are in ruins. Return to hotel for overnight.
After early morning breakfast transfer to train station, continue the journey by train ride passing villages, rice fields and plantations heading to Mojokerto. Upon arrival continue drive by car passing winding road with beautiful mountain view . afternoon arrive in Mount Bromo Area.
Early morning Bromo Sunrise Tour using local transport from Pananjakan (the Highest one 2,775 m. above sea level) by jeep 4WD, You will see an amazing sunrise over the caldera (subject to weather), drive down, direct passing the sand sea by horse charter close to 250 step, then on trek to see the crater of Mount Bromo. Late morning transfer to Ijen include stop at interesting places en-route.
Depart after midnight from hotel for Ijen trekking tour (based on the weather / volcano condition) with local transport / Jeep – 4WD. Back to your hotel preparing for departure to your next destination.