Only a few of the world’s volcanoes have as explosive a place in history as Krakatau. This mighty mountain that lies in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra erupted on August 1883 with such a cataclysmic forcethat its boom could be heard in Burma (present day Myanmar)and as far away as Australia. It was the loudest sound ever recorded in the world’s history and one that travelled around the world four times and is said to have been clearly heard from over 3,000 miles away. The massive volcanic materials blasted so high causing a gaping gash in its crater and the mountain imploded and sank. The volcanic ash was reported to circle the earth’s atmosphere, creating spectacular sunsets around the globe for two years. Meanwhile, the boiling sea brought about huge tsunami waves of more than 10 meters high, devastating the nearby towns of Banten and Anyer on Java and Lampung on Sumatra.
Today, where once stood the mighty Mount Krakatau, a group of idyllic small tropical islands are what’s left in the strait. These came to known as the Krakatau Volcanic Islands and consists of Rakata or Krakatau Besar (Large Krakatau), Panjang or Krakatau Kecil (Small Krakatau),Sertung and the Anak Krakatau (The child of Krakatau).While the islands of Rakata, Sertung and Panjang are remnants of the ancient Mount Krakatau, Anak Krakatau is an active volcano that surfaced only in 1927 and incredibly, still continues to grow as a result of volcanic activities below.
Setting foot on an active volcano is certainly a one of a kind sensation, and if fortunate enough, you can watch as the Anak Krakatau volcano presents its active side. “Born” in 1927, the young volcano still frequently ejects smoke, lava and other volcanic materials as it continues to grow higher. The marine environment around the island offers its own attraction as it holds no less than 50 species of fish that live among its unspoiled coral reefs.